Installing a CCTV Security System is not just about mounting cameras on walls. You can generally divide the whole installation process into three stages: pre-Installation, installation, and post-installation.
This is when you plan the type of security system that you’ll use.
There are two major types of CCTV Cameras: analog cameras and IP/Network cameras; you can choose any of them as you see fit.
But to get the most value for your money, think about this: the CCTV Systems that use analog cameras are best suited for business or large-scale establishments, while IP cameras are more convenient for homes or relatively small spaces.
Know the purpose of why you want to install the system before making a decision.
There are two ways you can install the system: you can do it yourself, or you can source it out to the professionals.
Opting for DIY installation is more efficient in small-coverage systems, like those used for homes.
Here’s a simple DIY guide:
A. Check if the components function well before the actual installation. Do this by plugging everything together, then check if they are working. It’ll cause unnecessary work if you install the whole system, just to find out in the end that a component is not working well (e.g. the DVR is not recording).
B. Place the cameras, DVR, monitor, and the cables connecting them. Generally speaking, you want your camera to be placed near high-traffic areas (like the front door), as well as the rooms where you keep your valuables.
The DVR, on the other hand, must be placed in an area that is relatively low in accessibility as, it’s the core of the whole system. The monitor should be near the DVR for convenience.
And, all components must be near a power source to avoid interruptions while recording.
To make the installation discreet, run the cables along the corners or mouldings of the house. You can also use PoE (power over ethernet) cables that function as both video and power transit to your cameras for a neater cabling system, though you’ll need to buy a PoE Switch to use this.
C. Connect all the components. Connect the cameras and the monitor to the DVR, and all the components to their power outlets. Turn your DVR and monitor on, and run the DVR through the system initialization process. Change the settings in the DVR until you’re satisfied.
See if all the cameras are functioning well, and adjust their angle as you see fit.
If you opt for a professional installation, you’ll greatly reduce the inconvenience of the whole process, because all you have to do is be fair in dealing with the experts, and provide them with what they need. But, this will inevitably increase the installation cost, and so this is advisable only if you’ll be needing the system for larger-scale projects.
This part of the installation process is more one of monitoring and maintenance of the whole CCTV Security System you installed. If the system doesn’t satisfy your needs, it’s safe to say that it’s not efficient anymore. Run through these steps again and again until you get what you want.
Know the laws and regulations in your area regarding the use of CCTV cameras, lest you suffer legal repercussions. As a rule of thumb, make sure that your cameras will only capture the space within your own premises.
Realize that the CCTV is just one tool for security among many. This alone won’t deflect any harm coming your way. Combining this with other security tools is still the optimal way to secure your valuable assets.